2010-2011 Honors Projects
|Student Name: Alycia Bedrosian
Academic Major: Justice Studies
Project Title: Women on Patrol: Impact of Gender Roles in the Predominantly Male Occupation of Law Enforcement
Advisor: Desiree Ciambrone, Sociology
Summary: This study examines female officers' experiences in the predominantly male occupation of law enforcement. My research provides insight into women's gender identity and how it impedes their experience in this occupation by analyzing twelve female law enforcement officers' experiences with discrimination and inequality in the workforce, as well as their sense of identity in the masculine culture that surrounds them. Results indicate various types of inequality and discrimination reported by female officers, including experiences of sexual harassment, discrimination with regards to promotion, inequality in recruitment and academy practices, and negative perspectives from offenders and the greater society. Women reported competition between other female officers, as well as a compelling interest to prove themselves to their male peers and superiors, while still maintaining aspects of femininity to avoid socially constructed stereotypes. Despite their increased presence in the field and legislative attempts to eradicate sex-based discrimination in the workforce, females continuously suffer from occupational segregation and gender stereotyping. This study sheds light on the isolation of female officers from their male contemporaries in many aspects of their recruitment, academy, and patrol experiences in the predominantly male occupation of law enforcement, while contributing to the existing literature on occupational segregation, sex-based discrimination, and women's gender roles in the workforce.
|Student Name: Katie Cliento
Academic Major: Psychology
Project Title: Variation in Maternal Input in Relation to Child Language Development
Advisor: Dr. Beverly A. Goldfield, Psychology Dept.
Summary: The present study examined the relationship between child language and 2 levels of maternal language: joint attention (whether mother and child are both visually attending to the same object or event simultaneously, Current Focus or not, New Focus) and content measures (types of maternal utterances). Child language measures consisted of parent-report of comprehension 12-months, production at 12, 18, and 24-months, and a standardized language test administered in the lab at 24-months. Mother-child play sessions were transcribed and maternal language was coded for the 2 levels of maternal speech for 24 dyads at 12-months; 13 males (7 firstborn and 6 later born) and 11 females (5 firstborn and 6 later born). Mothers talk more within joint attention (Current Focus) than outside of joint attention (New Focus) and the relationship between Current Focus joint attention and child language tend to be positive. Accounting for the majority of maternal language content, Language Related Maternal Utterances (labels, descriptions, and prompts), are more conducive of language "learning" and tend to be positively related to child language. Within joint attention, Attentional Directives (utterances that direct the child's attention) negatively correlated with 12-month child comprehension, whereas Behavioral Directives (utterances that direct the child's behavior) are positively correlated with 12-month child comprehension.
|Student Name: Allison P. Corry
Academic Major: Management with a concentration in Human Resources
Project Title: MAXIMIZING TRAINING EFFECTIVENESS THROUGH COMPATIBILITY OF TRAINING METHODS WITH OCCUPATIONS AND INDUSTRIES
Advisor: Shani Carter, Management and Marketing
Summary: This paper examines the effectiveness of a variety of training methods that are commonly used in various industries. The four main categories of methods are: information presentation; information processing; simulation; and on the job training (Heneman, Schwab, Fossum, Dyer, 1989). This paper analyzes methods that fall into these categories and determines the industries and occupations in which they would be most effective. Training budgets should be used wisely, and when employers can pinpoint what works and what does not they can increase employee productivity through using these effective methods, which decreases costs and increases profit in the long run. I conclude that there is no one best training method; in fact each method has proven to be useful.
|Student Name: Adam Corsair
Academic Major: Philosophy
Project Title: Speciesism in Modern Ethical Theory and Practice
Advisor: Dr. Glenn Rawson, Philosophy Department.
Summary: Peter Singer, Tom Regan, and Joan Dunayer each have different ethical and philosophical approaches to what is known as speciesism. Speciesism can be defined as the belief that human beings are justified in using other species to suit their needs, based on the notion of an alleged inherent superiority of human beings. While I maintain that speciesism is a moral wrong and in need of attention, I also examine the differences between each of the aforementioned philosopher's approaches to it, as well as apply their approaches to several practices that could arguably regarded as speciesist; specifically, Factory Farming, Sport-Hunting, Vivisection, Having a Nonhuman Animal as a Pet, and Saving a Human Being Over a Nonhuman Animal.
|Student Name: Lori-Ann Lima
Academic Major: Nursing
Project Title: Utilization of Nurses in Developing Countries: Prevention and Treatment of HIV/AIDS
Advisor: Joanne Costello, Nursing
Summary: This paper is an exploratory study of nursing care in the prevention and treatment of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) in developing countries. Dr. Hesook Suzie Kim's (2000) model of Human Living and the Social Ecological model of health care (CDC, 2007) provide the theoretical foundation in this paper for defining nursing's unique role in managing a complicated and chronic disease such as HIV/AIDS. Epidemiological studies show that AIDS disproportionately impacts the African continent with 67% of the world HIV prevalence. Therefore, Africa figures prominently in this discussion. In recent years several non-governmental organizations have spearheaded comprehensive AIDS care programs in Africa. The most successful of these programs utilize nurses to extend and improve care and outcomes of HIV/AIDS care. This paper reviews current programs and the associated research and results of HIV/AIDS care in developing countries where nurses are the key to effective treatment and prevention of the disease.
|Student Name: Lisa Perry
Academic Major: Anthropology
Project Title:The Culture of Food: A Study of the Formal and Informal Forces in Driving the Evolution of the Locavore Movement in Rhode Island
Advisor: Mary Baker, Anthropology
|Student Name: Melissa Ryan
Academic Major: Psychology
Project Title: The Effect of Intergroup Affect on Intergroup Behavior
Advisor: Thomas Malloy, Psychology
Summary: The present study examined the relationship between intergroup affect and intergroup behavior, specifically responses to one's in-group and out-group. Past research in the field has indicated that many variables play a role in this complex interaction; such as in-group and out-group favoritism, status effects, and affective state, but little research has been done on how these factors interact to produce behavior. Data was collected using a minimal group paradigm in a laboratory setting. Findings show that affect, particularly negative affect, plays a role in generating in-group favoritism among high status groups, and out-group favoritism among low status groups, when evaluating an out-group member. Results also show that in-group and out-group status interacted to determine how much reward allocation would be given to the in-group and the out-group. The implications of the findings and the contribution they bring to previous theories of social psychology are discussed.
|Student Name: Erin St. Jacques
Academic Major: Communication
Project Title: The Relation Between Speech and Reading
Advisor: Harriet Magen, Communication
Summary: This research paper is going to analyze the connection between speech and reading, and language and reading, and how both are related to a Speech-Language Pathologist's job in a school setting, working with struggling readers. Research about the process of learning how to read and how a SLP can be brought in at different stages will be examined. This research paper is going to look at how a child learns to read; programs will be done involving young readers with reading disabilities. It will also examine the different stages of learning to read and how an SLP can try to help. The tactics will be examined more closely as well as the examination of how writing a narrative and being able to tell a story play into learning how to read.
|Student Name: Stephen Tetreault
Academic Major: Computer Science
Project Title: Musical Pattern Recognition
Advisor: Kathryn Sanders, Mathematics/Computer Science